Preliminary information about the International Labor Organization
(International Labour Organization : ILO)
The woman washing garnet State Management
Group of international labor standards
Bureau of Labor Standards development
Background of the International Labor Organization
International Labor Organization or ILO (International Labour Organization) coincides with the established National League (The League of Nations) at 2462 BC (This was in 1919) under the Treaty software Saudi Co. Ltd. (Treaty of Versailles. ) together with Thailand is a founding member countries with the objective of ILO is to promote the establishment of social justice. And promote human rights and labor rights have been recognized as a universal. Until the National League has been canceled. And the establishment of the UN (United Nations) when in 2489 BC (This was 1946) ILO has become a master Organization (Specialized agency) of the United Nations. Organization as one of the United Nations responsible for labor issues by members of the ILO now has 181 member states of the country (data as of January 2551).
Structure of ILO
ILO is a tripartite organization. Government department is comprised of employer, employee and manager of member states. The framework can be divided into the following major organizations
A. Prasasns of the (Governing Body)
Organization of the Executive Board of the ILO Prasasns the Board is responsible for most policy management and operational control of the organization. And set the project budget to offer a major International Labor Conference. (International Labour Conference: ILC) certification of the Prasasns meeting 3 times a year in March, June and November.
Prasasns of the Chairman of the Board of Prasasns (Chairman of the Governing Body) is the most responsible. Board members include representatives Prasasns employer parties to 14 parties and government employees 14 people 28 people 56 people and is a permanent committee of 10 major industrial countries, including Brazil, China, Thailand, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Russia, United Kingdom. And the United States. Prasasns in the position of the 3 time per year based on the flow to the region. The Chairman of the Board of Elections Prasasns alternate held 1 time per year
b. International Labor Office.
The ILO International Labor Office. (International Labour Office) acted operations or act as Secretary of the Organization. And coordinates its activities and to comply with any policy of Prasasns set. And the Meeting's largest international labor division director is like the staff working on duty in various departments with the Director General. (Director-General) from the election. Is the most responsible. And position each time for 5 years.
Headquartered in Geneva. Inc. in Switzerland. A staff of approximately 1,900 people from various regions around the world and experts in many different ethnic approximately 600 people also include regional offices.
- Asia and Pacific Regional Office. Located in Bangkok, Thailand.
- Office for Africa. Located in Washington, Addis Ababa in Ethiopia.
- Office for Latin America and the Caribbean. Located in Lima Peru.
- Regional Office of Arab countries. Located in Washington, Beirut. Lebanon.
- Europe and Central Asia regional office. Located in Geneva. Country Land and Swiss.
- Offices spread throughout the world, each of approximately 40.
C. A large International Labor Conference.
Consideration of any decision made by the ILO's International Labor Conference large. (International Labour Conference: ILC), held once a year. In June at Geneva in Switzerland Inc.. The member countries sent representatives to tripartite parties, including government employers and employee parties. With counsel of each party to attend.
The Conference is responsible for determining policy and operational guidance on the future of the organization. Defined and standardized international migrants. Monitoring compliance with the declaration that the basic principles and rights at work. Monitoring compliance with the Convention was ratified. And discuss current issues and social labor.
Topics of international labor standards, ILO
To member countries regardless of social justice. And respect the basic rights of workers, ILO has set up international labor standards. Member countries have to be practical. Content standards of the ILO International Labor is divided into 22 topics, including.
1. Freedom of Association. Joint negotiations. And labor (Freedom of association, collective bargaining, and industrial relations).
2. Labor Force (Forced labour).
3. To eliminate child labor. And protecting children and minors (Elimination of child labour and protection of children and young persons).
4. Opportunities and equal treatment (Equality of opportunity and treatment).
5. Tripartite joint consultation (Tripartite consultation).
6. To make workers and management workers (Labour administration and inspection).
7. To promote policies and employment (Employment policy and promotion).
8. The professional training and guidance (Vocational guidance and training).
9. Security in employment (Employment security).
10. Wages (Wages).
11. Time to work (Working time).
12. Safety and health at work. (Occupational safety and health).
13. Social Security (Social security).
14. The protection of mothers (Maternity protection).
15. Social Policy (Social policy).
16. Immigrant workers (Migrant workers).
17. People in boats (Seafarers).
18. Fishery Workers (Fishermen).
19. Port Workers (Dockworkers).
20. Such tribe and local people (Indigenous and tribal peoples).
21. Particular type of worker (Specific categories of workers).
22. Provisions of the Convention on the end of chapter (Final Articles Conventions).
Patterns of international labor standards, ILO.
ILO international labor standards set forth various forms together. Both models are forced conditions. And forms a way that no state shall. Known that the overall instrument (Instruments), which all instruments of the ILO document was reviewed and approved through the tripartite system was. The Special Committee or by the various major International Labor Conference. Model of ILO instruments is the following.
Convention is an instrument conditions force. The standard specifications required by the workers in each issue. There are currently a total number of ILO Convention No. 188 (data as of January 2551), the Convention will apply to members when member countries have ratified Convention No. then. Members can choose any version ratified the Convention that will benefit the economic and social situation of the workers themselves. After the ratification and then. These countries have legislation or regulatory practices within the country in accordance with the provisions of the Convention. And to eliminate barriers in implementing the Convention. Whether to cancel or legal practices that conflict with domestic conventions.
However, in the Convention and the Convention 188 of this issue together with 8 important. The ILO Convention as a policy to promote and track compliance in accordance with the member countries and 8 of this Convention, even if they are not ratified it. Since the Convention on the labor standards issues under the main 4 reasons ILO Declaration on fundamental principles and rights at work (ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work) follows.
A) freedom of association. And recognized the right to negotiate a comprehensive joint.
- Convention No. 87 that with that freedom of association and protection of the rights included in the (Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise) harbor in 1948.
- Convention No. 98 on the right in the integration and co-negotiated (Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining) harbor in 1949.
B) to eliminate forced labor and labor criteria, covering all forms.
- Convention No. 29 on forced labor (Forced Labour) This was 1930.
- Convention No. 105 on forced labor Cancel (Abolition of Forced Labour) harbor in 1957.
C) removal of child labor as the covering.
- Convention No. 138 on Minimum Age (Minimum Age) This was 1973.
- Convention No. 182 on the worst forms of child labor (Worst Forms of Child Labour) 1999.
D) eliminating discrimination in employment and occupation coverage.
- Convention No. 100 on equal remuneration (Equal Remuneration) harbor in 1951.
- Convention No. 111 on discrimination. (Employment and Occupation) (Discrimination (Employment and Occupation)) This was 1958.
Any recommendation (Recommendation).
Article comments are instruments that no state shall. And not open ratified. But refers to labor practices to member countries to consider ways to implement a local guide with any 2 categories, including.
(A) any additional suggestions Convention: any suggestions of this type of content is described. For more details or practical to issue such conventions as the Convention subject to specific principles or standards defined initially. To members from various regions around the world have ratified the legislation or guidelines to determine compliance with the Convention appropriate to the labor situation. Or social and economic conditions within the country, so some of the Convention need have any suggestions for additional guidelines and recommendations described as an intimate No. 199 on the fisheries sector (Work in Fishing) 2007 Convention, which release more. With the 188 that work in the fishing sector (Work in Fishing), etc. 2007.
(B) any suggestions that the Convention does not include any: any comments of this type. Are only instruments to guide and labor practices in any one thing. But not on the issues workforce is important for members to step out to the Convention. Or issues that the General Conference considered that international migrants. Should not be marked to be implemented in such an intimate Convention No. 198 on the employment relationship (Employment Relationship), etc. This was in 2006.
Protocol is the instrument with additional requirements such as Convention No. Convention or certain content requirements must be appropriate not need to be resolved into this new Convention, but whatever. However, whereas over time with more social context. Make the content and provisions of the Convention does not cover the social context of emerging ILO has written more requirements. The form of the Protocol to the Convention append. Convention is to document further the member countries can only ratified the Convention. The Protocol was not ratified. But only ratified Protocol. Not ratified the Convention have not. Whenever Protocol was ratified. Protocol version will have to ratify the Convention as equivalent to the harbor in the 2002 Protocol as soon as append Convention No. 155 on safety and health at work (Protocol of 2002 to the Occupational Safety and Health) c. Founded in 1981, etc..
Declaration is the instrument mentioned principles of labor Prasasns the (Governing Body) or the International Labor Conference Big determined. Agreed that the principle is valuable. Member countries and all countries should support measures and policies to promote these principles in their countries are now ILO Declaration No. 2 is the Declaration on fundamental principles and rights at work. 4 things that determine the labor issues that are considered basic rights of every worker. As discussed above. And tripartite declaration on principles that the multinational corporation and social policy (Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy), which discusses various labor issues in a multi-national operations, such as training, working conditions or labor, etc.. as a public issue. Organization of employers. And employee organizations in host countries should be monitoring. To avoid an exception for workers in your state is less than occurs in a multi-national operations.
Processing practices (Code of Practice)
Processing practices is no state enforcement instruments. Explanatory text of the instrument. Practices regarding labor issues a specialty. Members to be used. Or be a guide in determining measures and practices in matters such as domestic processing practices of the ILO on HIV / AIDS and the world of work (An ILO Code of Practice on HIV / AIDS and the World of Work), etc.. instruments of this type are made by the Board in matters related. An officer of the International Labor Office. Specialist with the commission. Include veterans who represented the government department employees, employers and parties. And academics with knowledge and experience in each issue.
Mission as members
In addition, Thailand will have to pay maintenance organization, is approximately 738,994 per year, Swiss Francs and then. Thailand has committed as all members of the ILO to follow under the ILO Constitution, whether a large attendance ILO. To review and revise the draft opinion to the instrument. Reporting compliance instruments. Reporting of domestic laws and practices consistent with ILO labor standards or to make a statement about the problems and obstacles in practice to comply with ILO labor standards, but mission critical as the country is a member. Promoting basic human rights. Improving working conditions and well-being of workers. And creating employment opportunities. Or in other words is. Mission in action in accordance with international labor standards of ILO.
Members in any one country to consider that. Countries have their domestic laws and practices consistent with ILO's international labor standards, or considered that. Their countries are ready to improve and develop the domestic laws and practices consistent with international labor standards of the ILO Convention No. no. Can ratify the ILO Convention No. Such a review process and monitoring compliance with the Convention's member countries that ratified the ILO Convention and any term to any comments or suggestions Taktgwg over the case. And distribution to member countries and international community acknowledge with. Any country that through the review process and the follow-up. Without any Taktgwg of ILO standards would represent the workers that have ratified the Convention
The mission of the Department of Labor Protection and Welfare
As a result, the content of ILO labor standards more than 80 percent involved in the duties and responsibilities of the Department of Labor Protection and Welfare Department of Labor Protection and Welfare so. The group of international labor standards. Bureau of Labor Standards development. Is responsible for the review. Comments and processing units to treat the various drafting instruments release reporting compliance instruments. Reporting of domestic laws and practices consistent with ILO labor standards or to make a statement about the problems and obstacles in implementing compliance with ILO labor standards as well as disseminate knowledge about labor standards of the ILO. to government employees and public employers.